Scenarios building process:
Dark Ages – a period of European history commonly related to the 5th-15th centuries. The name comes from the fact that few historical records have survived from this period, and therefore modern knowledge of it is limited. The other meaning is less literal: that after the decline of the Roman Empire, Europe was static with little progress made in any aspect of life. Instead, there were constant wars and unrest, with the church being the most conservative power restricting secular development.
Age of Discovery – is a period of European history usually associated with the 15th-17th centuries. Starting with the Portuguese, and later followed by the Spanish, French, and English, explorers undertook ocean-going voyages in search of expensive commodities, mostly spices, which were found in the East, but incidentally involved discovering the New World in the West. Some countries were already adopting rules and what we would call 'business ethics', though they were of little use overseas, where everything that could make money would do – from bribing to genocide.
Romanticism – is a relatively short period in European history that emerged in the late eighteenth century and lasted less than a century. The core ideas emphasised individuals, their emotions and feelings, and especially their interaction with nature. Broadly seen as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, romanticism was eventually supersede by realism.
Regional performance under each scenario:
Map of key factors that have the potential to shape the Arctic regional development: